Facts about Transport in Italy
Italy is a southern European country on the Mediterranean coast and the third largest economy in Europe. The country has an estimated population of 61 million with a life expectancy of 82 years and a per capita of $36, 000. The nation’s currency is the Euro.
Their capital city is Rome and the country is 301, 338 km squared. The top five cities in terms of population are Rome, Milan, Naples, Turin and Palermo. The next 5 cities are Genoa, Bologna, Florence, Catania and Bari which completes the top ten cities.
Italian Airports Rome and many other cities are connected with a well-developed aviation system. The nation had a total of about 133 airports. The main aviation hubs are the Malpensa International Airport (Milan) and the Leonardo Da Vinci International Airport (Rome)
There are 97 airports which have paved runways. Those with over 3000 meters of paved runways are 5 that is; the Malpensa International Airport (Milan/Varese), Leonardo Da Vinci International Airport (Rome), Verona Airport (Verona), Venice Marco Polo Airport (Venice), Palermo International Airport (Palermo).
Those with 2,438-3000 metres paved runway are 33 while 16 others have 1,524-2,400 m. The number of those with 914 to 1,500 metres of paved runway are 31 while there are 12 others with under 914 metres of paved runways.
The airports with unpaved runways are 38 in total. Two of the unpaved airports have 1,524 to 2,400 while 18 others are smaller with 914 to 1,500 metres runways. 18 of them have under 914 metres of unpaved runways.
There are an estimated 5 heliports in Italy.
Italian Highways There are over 815,000 kilometres of roads in Italy with over 7000 km of that being express highways. All highways are paved. The Italian national system of motorways is called the Autostrada. The total length of the Autostrada is about 6500 kilometres.
Most of the motorways are under the Autostrada system that controls over 3400 km. Their counterparts are ATP and ASTM in the northwest, SALT and Autocisa in central Italy, Serenissima and Autovie Venete in the north-east. They all operate under the national body, the state-owned ANAS.
The first exclusive motorways in the world were built in Italy in 1921 by engineer Piero Puricelli and completed in 1926. The US interstate is said to have been inspired by the Italian Motorway system in the late 1930s. Italy has the highest speed limits in Europe standing at about 130 km/ph. and even higher at 150 mph on some roads.
Italian Railroads Italy has a total of about 24, 000 km of rail routes. The standard gauge is about 18, 000 km at 1.435m gauges. The Italian railways operate 16, 000 of these rain tracks with 11, 300 of them being electrified.
The 1.0m gauge stands at 112 kilometres all of which is electrified. There is also the 0.95m gauge which stands at 1200 km with 153 km of it being electrified.
i. High Speed Trains There are 6 high-speed train routes. There is the Turin-Milan started in 2006, the Milan-Verona-Venice, the Milan-Bologna-Florence-Rome-Naples, the Napoli-Sicily Bridge-Palermo and the Milan-Genoa as well as the Milan-Lyon(France)-Alps tunnel under development.
ii. Rapid transit underground rails There are 8 cities with rapid underground transport railways systems. Some have more than one underground rail systems. Rome has 6 lines; 8 lines of commuter rails and 3 lines of suburban rails. Naples has 3 lines of which 5 are commuter rails. Milan has 5 lines; 8 lines of commuter rails and 5 lines of regional rails. Genoa, Catania, Turin, Brescia and Bologna have one each.
iii. Rail links with adjacent countries The Trenitalia, Italy’s main railroad passenger operates intercountry trains to France, Austria, Slovenia and Switzerland. Its rivals and subsidiaries like SNCF, Rhatische Bahn and Cisalpino also have intercountry lines.
iv. The biggest rail Stations There are 11 major rail stations scattered all over Italy. There is the Milan Stazione Centrale, the Bari Centrale, the Bologna Centrale, the Florence SMN, the Genoa Brignole and Piazza Principe and the Naples Centrale.
The other major stations are Palermo Centrale, the Rome Termini Station, the Turin Porta Nuova, the Venice Mestre and Santa Lucia and the Verona Porta Nuova.
Italian Shipping The Italian shipping industry is worth about €32. 6 billion or about 2% of Italy’s GDP. It employs about 500, 000 workers which is about 3% of the active Italian workforce.
According to Milan’s Chamber of Commerce, Palazzo Turati, Italy’s fleet is one of the largest in the EU and the third largest in the G20 group of nations. The shipping industry has a capacity of 17 million DWT. Italy gets over 4600 cruise stops annually with a total of 6.2 million passengers.
Every year Italy adds thousands of cars to their streets as well as hundreds of rail and an ever increasing air passengers. This has accelerated with the publicity of such magnificent sites, such as those found in Florence and Rome.