Airline transport

Flight Transportation in Italy.

The global airline industry grew from US$369 billion in 2004 to about $746 billion in 2014. Italy being one of the largest aviation destinations handles an annual civilian air fleet of about 410, 000 units. This makes it the fourth largest in Europe and seventh in the world.

It has a turnover of about €10 billion and employs about 40, 000 employees. The airline industry is the largest manufacturing sector in Italy when it comes to high-end integrated systems. The biggest aircraft manufacturers in Italy are Aeritalia, Caproni, Macchi’s, Agusta, Fiat, Piaggio. In 2011, the country had 46 million airline passenger. That number climbed by 200, 000 the following year and then went up by 1.4 million in 2013.

The largest airport is the Leonardo da Vinci carried which had 38. 5 million passengers while Milan Malpensa carried 18.8 million passengers. Milan Linate carried 9 million while Bergamo and Venice Marco polo carried 8.7 and 8.4 million respectively. Jet fuel tends to be the biggest budget item and consumes about 40-55% of operating costs.

Italian Regulations.                                                                                                      Just like any other country, Italy has its regulatory bodies. The airports are managed by the Italian Civil Aviation Authority (Enac). A brief view of their regulations reveals the following.

Import regulation. The limit for tobacco is 200, 400 and 800 for cigars, cigarillos and cigarettes respectively. For alcoholic beverages, it is 10ltrs for 22% concentration, 20 litres for under 22% concentration and 90 litres of wine as well as 100 litres of beer.

Export regulation. EU residents and citizens are allowed to carry around a number of electronics as long as they are declared to Customs Authorities. They can also carry furs and skin of rare animals certified by the National Forest Department, and arms and weapons certified by the local police headquarters.

Domestic Flights                                                                                                   About 40 Italian airports are served from Rome and most of these flights are under one hour. Even then domestic flights in Italy is prohibitively high. The more convenient Linate airport have often been reserved for Alitalia and Air One while most flights were forced to use the Malpensa airport that was launched in 1998.

Malpensa is 53 km away from Milan while Linate is a mere 10 km. This inconvenience has been bridged using high-speed rails that cut the travel time to 30 minutes. Italy has over 100 small airports including Brindisi, Catania, Florence, Parma, Reggio and Verona etc.

Founded in 1999 Alitalia is the national carrier with its head office in Fiumicino, Rome and its main hub at Leonardo Da Vinci airport.  They also have two secondary hubs at Linate and Malpensa airports.